What is pulmonary hypertension?

Pulmonary hypertension is a relatively rare disease. Only 2-3 million people are diagnosed each year and about fifteen people per million are living with the disease. Although not a huge number compared to some chronic diseases, it is recommended that people should be able to detect the symptoms of pulmonary hypertension.

Because there are many causes, it may be difficult to identify whether you are at risk and is not treated, median survival is two to three years. If you are diagnosed, however, there are several treatment options available that can allow it to continue to live a long and rewarding.

Although best known for causing heart failure, pulmonary hypertension is in fact a lung disease that affects the functioning of the pulmonary arteries of the lungs to the heart’s right ventricle. These arteries are narrowed, making it difficult for blood to circulate properly and the blood pressure rises significantly. The strain of the blood pressure of the right ventricle causes your heart to become enlarged and eventually weakened. Right heart failure occurs when the right side of his heart is too weak to pump enough blood to the lungs.

Suffering from the symptoms of pulmonary hypertension?

To find the symptoms of pulmonary hypertension a few things you should consider.

First, you should consider it more susceptible to disease. Although no age, race, gender or ethnicity is completely free if a woman or a young adult, you may face a higher risk. In fact, women are twice as likely to suffer from pulmonary hypertension than men. Some forms are genetically transmitted, so you may be at risk if your family has a history of the disease. If you’ve ever taken the diet drug Fen-phen (a combination of fenfluramine and phentermine is used as anti-obesity drug in late 1990), their risk of developing pulmonary hypertension is twenty times greater than if you have not taken the drug.

Pulmonary hypertension can also be caused by a number of other medical conditions. If you suffer from liver disease, rheumatic disease, lung disease, thromboembolic disease or a heart condition as a disease of the aortic valve, mitral valve disease, left heart failure or defect in heart disease, higher recommended diligent search of the symptoms. The lack of oxygen due to obesity, sleep apnea or because you live at high altitude, can also lead to pulmonary hypertension.

What are the symptoms of pulmonary hypertension should you look?

Once you’ve identified what you are at risk, it is recommended to pay special attention to the symptoms themselves. They may not be visible until the condition has progressed and is important to identify as they occur so you can see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Because the symptoms progress so slowly, you may not identify them and not see a doctor in time. The first symptom to appear is the shortness of breath during mild exercise, like brisk walking or climbing stairs. Over time, you may begin to notice fatigue, dizziness, fainting, irregular heartbeat or racing, chest pain and dry cough. As your heart becomes more tense, you may notice swelling in the ankles and legs, and a bluish tint to your skin, especially around the lips. Symptoms may be severe in the last stages of pulmonary hypertension, making it difficult for you to perform any physical activity. In extreme cases, may even have trouble breathing lying down. However, not everyone has every symptom. If you suspect that you might be suffering from pulmonary hypertension, we recommend you consult a physician immediately.

The diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension

Your doctor will look for a number of additional symptoms of pulmonary hypertension in diagnosis. Apart from a complete family and medical history, you listen to your heart for abnormal sounds, look for swelling of the jugular vein in the neck and look for the nails a bluish tint. You can also perform blood tests to analyze the amount of oxygen in the blood and look for symptoms of other conditions that can lead to pulmonary hypertension. You can check blood clots or inflammation of the right ventricle with a chest radiograph or CT scan. Once you are sure of your diagnosis, you will be able to discuss medication and other treatment options that can ensure a comfortable and healthy life.

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