Understanding risk factors for cardiovascular disease

As for cardiovascular disease or cardiovascular disease, there are two types of risk factors – those that can be controlled and those that do not. Knowing the different risk factors, both controllable and uncontrollable, can help you take the appropriate steps to stay healthy and stay away from problems.

Factors that can be controlled


Hypertension or high blood pressure is the leading cause of premature death due to cardiovascular disease. Pressure and high pressure weakens the heart muscles, causing cardiovascular problems. People with hypertension are more likely to develop other complications.


Diabetes or glucose in the blood increases the risk of cardiovascular problems about 2 to 3 times. More sugar levels are high, the risk is high. Unfortunately, diabetes is often diagnosed too late, leading to serious complications such as stroke, blindness, amputations and heart disease.

Sedentary lifestyle

A sedentary lifestyle is the fourth risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Insufficient physical activity can put at an increased risk of hypertension, diabetes and obesity, all precursors of cardiovascular disease. Participating in at least 30 minutes of moderate activity 3-4 times a week can drastically reduce your risk.


People who are overweight usually have high blood sugar, high blood pressure and glucose intolerance. All these conditions exert considerable pressure on the arteries and muscles of the heart, causing heart disease.

High Cholesterol

Statistics indicate that high cholesterol causes approximately 1 / third ischemic heart disease worldwide. If your cholesterol is high, fat deposits build up in your blood vessels. These fatty deposits reduce the diameter of blood vessels, obstructing the free flow of blood to the heart. Insufficient blood flow weakens and damages the cardiovascular muscles increases the risk of stroke.

To consume tobacco

Smoking or ingesting tobacco strengthens the arteries and blocks the flow of blood to the heart. Up to 10% of all related problems are related to smoking, especially smoking. Some studies have shown that the risk significantly decreases the 2 year period of abstention from smoking.

Unhealthy diet

What you eat plays an important role in treating or protecting cardiovascular disease. Excessive consumption of salt, processed foods and saturated fats and not enough vegetables, fruits and fish affects the health of your heart. A healthy diet consisting mainly of vegetables, fruits and fish reduces the risk of diabetes, high blood pressure and obesity, which reduces the risk of related diseases.

Uncontrollable risk factors

Age, sex, and family history are the three risk factors for uncontrollable cardiovascular disease. Although the factors themselves can not be controlled, proceed to periodic review so that proper precautions can be taken.

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