Throbbing pain in the knee. A burning sensation in the hand. Before you know it, you have rheumatoid arthritis.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammation of the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks normal tissues as if they had invaded antibodies. Rheumatoid arthritis also causes inflammation of the tissues around the joints and other body organs. The hands and feet are the most affected areas of rheumatoid arthritis, but can affect any joint lined by a membrane. Rheumatoid arthritis is known as a systematic illness and sometimes called rheumatoid disease.
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs during a period of a few months. However, for some, the disease occurs overnight. The accelerated development of rheumatoid arthritis does not mean that the person is at greater risk of disease progression. Rheumatoid arthritis can last for years without symptoms. But rheumatoid arthritis is a progressive disease and has the potential to cause joint destrution and functional disability. Patients usually have mild symptoms severe cycles. As for statistics, rheumatoid arthritis is three times more common in women than in men. It also strikes people of all races equally. Rheumatoid arthritis can begin at any age, but usually begin in the early forties.
What are the causes of rheumatoid arthritis? The truth is that the cause is still unknown. Viruses, bacteria and fungi have long been suspected, but none has proven to be the cause. The cause of rheumatoid arthritis has been the focus of various research activities. Some scientists believe that the tendency to develop rheumatoid arthritis can be hereditary, while others believe that certain factors in the environment can cause the immune system to attack the components of the body’s own tissues. This attack causes inflammation in various organs such as the lungs or eyes.
The researchers also found that the environmental factors also play a role in the cause of rheumatoid arthritis. In fact, scientists have reported that smoking increases the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.
The symptoms of RA depend on the degree of tissue inflammation. Rheumatoid arthritis is said to be active when the body tissues are inflamed. When subsidies tissue inflammation, rheumatoid arthritis is said to be in remission. Refunds can occur spontaneously or with treatment and can last weeks, months or even years. During active rheumatoid arthritis, symptoms are felt. Symptoms may include fatigue, lack of appetite, mild fever and muscle and joint pain. Muscle and joint stiffness are usually felt in the morning and after a period of inactivity. During relapses (from inactivity to activity) of rheumatoid arthritis, the joints become red, swollen, painful and sensitive. This occurs because the tissue lining the joints become inflamed resulting in excessive production of synovial fluid.
Several joints are usually inflamed in symmetric and joints of both hands and wrists are commonly affected. Simple tasks, such as turning the knob and opening jars can be painful. Rheumatoid arthritis can also affect joint responsibility for the tightening of the vocal cords to change the tone of voice, though rarely. But when this happens it can cause hoarseness.
As mentioned previously, rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that can affect systemic organs and body parts other than the joints. Sjögren’s syndrome is an inflammation of the glands of the eyes and mouth causing drought. Rheumatoid lung epithelial inflammation can cause chest pain as tissue inflammation and pulmonary nodules also develop inflammation in the lungs. Rheumatoid arthritis can also reduce the number of red blood cells can cause anemia and white blood cells that can result in increased risk of infection. A rare complication of severe rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammation of the blood vessels can affect the blood supply to tissues and cause tissue death.
A rheumatologist is a doctor who specializes in arthritis and related diseases. The rheumatologist examined the history of symptoms, examine the joints and other body parts of inflammation. The diagnosis is generally based on the model of the symptoms, the distribution of inflamed joints, and blood collected and radiographs.
So far, there is no known cure for rheumatoid arthritis. Reducing inflammation and pain in joints, maximization of joint function, and prevent joint destruction is the actual target in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Early medical intervention was found to improve treatment outcomes. Optimal treatment involves a combination of medication, strengthening joint exercises, joint protection and patient education. The treatment is customized according to many factors such as disease activity, types of joints involved, general health, age and occupation. However, treatment is most effective when there is close collaboration between physician and patient.