Urology is the branch of science of diagnostic procedures and treatment of diseases of the urinary tract of men and women and the male reproductive system. A doctor or a urologist Urology is the person who has a specialization in the field of urologic diseases.
In this article we will discuss about the symptoms, causes, diagnosis and treatment options of a common problem of Urology hematuria.
Hematuria is a medical condition that involves the presence of red blood cells in urine. This indicates that there is bleeding in the genitourinary tract. The infection can be anywhere – the bladder, the tube that carries urine from the bladder, prostate (in men). There are basically two types of hematuria – microscopic and macroscopic. Microscopic hematuria implies the presence of blood in the urine that is only visible under a microscope. In the case of macroscopic hematuria, the urine color is usually red, brown or pink and usually contains blood clots.
Hematuria can have several causes, according to a patient. The most likely causes are BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia), the presence of stones in the kidneys, drugs such as rifampicin, phenytoin and quinine, blockages in the urinary tract, sexually transmitted diseases and viral infections in the urinary tract. Diseases and disorders that can cause hematuria include sickle cell anemia, von Hippel-Lindau disease and chronic inflammatory diseases of connective tissue.
Signs and symptoms
Signs and symptoms of hematuria, apart from the presence of blood in the urine, abdominal pain, fever, polyuria (frequent urination), dysuria (painful urination) and urinary urgency.
If hematuria is suspected, a doctor of urology run some tests to make sure you have hematuria. A test strip is a common test to be performed to test the hematuria. Other tests, such as cystourethroscopy, the IVP (intravenous urography) and CAT (computed tomography).
Treatment options for hematuria will depend largely on factors that could be the cause of the disease. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) can be treated in several ways. Appropriate drugs, avoiding foods that irritate the prostate or surgical removal of the prostate may be a treatment option. Kidney stones and bladder can be removed successfully with a few medical measures. Kidney disease can be treated by dialysis. Cancerous tumors in the kidney, prostate and bladder can be treated with chemotherapy, surgery and radiotherapy.
The hematuria may involve many possibilities and you should immediately consult a doctor of urology. Laurel citizens can seek professional medical help Murdock Urology Associates.