Commonly known as high blood pressure hypertension, can be seen more often in people as they age. People with high blood pressure are often advised to lead healthier lives, while those with major problems are treated with medications. It is important to keep a check on your blood pressure so that you can quickly detect problems and make the deal.
Causes and Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
Most of the time, high blood pressure is caused due to poor lifestyle habits. These include smoking, drinking alcohol, high salt intake, lack of exercise, etc. Hypertension is also more in people as they age. In some cases, it can also occur in the family. They account for approximately 90% of cases of hypertension.
If hypertension is not caused by these factors, other factors are called secondary hypertension. These include problems like diabetes, hormonal diseases, consumption of birth control pills, kidney disease, lupus, painkillers, recreational drugs, etc.
Although it is difficult to catch the signs of hypertension, what are some of the common symptoms that can be seen in people:
• Vision problems
• Bleeding from the nose
If you start to experience one or more of these symptoms frequently, it is advisable to consult a doctor and get your blood pressure level.
Treatment of hypertension
Hypertension is usually kept under control with a combination of lifestyle changes and drug style. People with borderline hypertension are often told to change some habits to maintain normal blood pressure. Periodic checks are also necessary so that the doctor can monitor blood pressure levels and change the dose of the medication if and when necessary.
It is also very important to change your lifestyle to control blood pressure levels. Here are some important changes in the lifestyle that should be done by people with hypertension:
• Reduce the amount of salt you consume in food. It is advisable to reduce junk food and go to a lot of vegetables and fibrous foods.
• Exercise daily for at least 30 minutes. It is important to keep your weight under control and lose those extra pounds for you to be healthy
• Reduce the amount of stress. Stress can be an important factor that can contribute to high blood pressure.
• Stop smoking and reduce alcohol consumption to no more than one drink per day. These two habits can be a number of other problems besides hypertension.
• Drink lots of water every day