Chronic diseases and pregnancy

Speaking of health before pregnancy, we refer to lifestyle, nutrition, physical activity, habits, and also possible chronic diseases, such as increased blood pressure or diabetes. If you have these conditions, then you just have to see a doctor. You know, this may complicate pregnancy harm an unborn baby. Tell your doctor what medicines prepared and in which doses you take. The doctor will recommend tests and observations that have to happen, for example, X-ray photography. Try to discuss any questions you have at that time.

It’s much easier to think of a strategy of treatment before pregnancy and then worry about complications.


Diabetes – is a disease, which appears due to the lack of insulin in the body, this hormone is produced by the pancreas. If you have diabetes, it will be harder for you to get pregnant. In addition, diabetes can influence passing of pregnancy seriously. First, it can become a miscarriage or give ground to a dead baby. Secondly, women with diabetes can give birth to babies with birth defects.

You can reduce the risk of these complications through constant control of sugar in the blood during pregnancy. If you do not care about your state, then diabetes while pregnancy can be dangerous for you and your unborn baby. Most of the complications related to diabetes, are displayed during the first trimester, ie during the first 13 weeks of pregnancy.

Pregnancy can cause complications of state while diabetes, which require increased doses of insulin. This can be readily determined by testing on the sugar content in the blood. Most doctors recommend taking special care in the development of the disease for at least 2-3 months before conception. This will help reduce the likelihood of risk of abortion or other problems. Probably, it is necessary to have evidence on the content of blood sugar several times a day, to control disease completely and avoid possible complications. Past experience shows that women with diabetes have serious problems with the design and adoption of pregnancy. But die to complete and constant control even women with diabetes can have successful outcome of pregnancy and childbirth.

If you had in your family, or cases of diabetes have mild suspicion as to their own health, pass tests before pregnancy surely.


About 1% of pregnant women have asthma. It is impossible to predict the influence of pregnancy on asthma. Half of the women suffer from this disease, you will notice no change during pregnancy, 25% felt even slightly improved, and the rest (25%) observe worsening of the condition.

Most asthma remedies are safe for pregnant women, but it is always best to consult a doctor preparing to take. Almost all people with asthma know what may become a matter of form, so avoid contact with allergens before getting pregnant and during pregnancy together. Try to control your state yet before pregnancy.


Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can cause complications for both mother and unborn baby’s health. For women, it is linked to a risk of kidney rejection of work, the probability of hypertensic crisis or headaches. Increased blood pressure of an expectant mother can become a cause of decreased blood to the inputs of the placenta, causing delays in fetal development, ie a baby will weigh less than normal, while the birth.

If you had high blood pressure before pregnancy, then you just have to take care of her during the nine months. Probably therapist or gynecologist will send you to the observation of a doctor with this effect.
Before deciding to become pregnant, women with high blood pressure should consult a physician. Some remedies against high blood pressure are safe for pregnant women, some are not. Under no circumstances stop taking the pills and reduce dose without a doctor’s prescription! It can be dangerous. If you give birth to a baby, consult your doctor about the medicines you are taking against high blood pressure and safety of these medications during pregnancy.

Heart disease

During pregnancy the heart load increases by 50%. If you have heart disease, your doctor need to know before you get pregnant.

Some heart diseases, such as mitral valve prolapse, can seriously complicate passing of pregnancy. You probably even take antibiotics before delivery. Other heart diseases, such as congenital heart disease can seriously affect health. In this case, pregnancy and childbirth are sometimes contra-indicated.

Consult your doctor for heart disease before becoming pregnant.

Diseases of the kidney and bladder

Infections of the urinary system, including the bladder, often appear during pregnancy. If not cure the disease early, the infection can progress to the kidneys, causing pyelonephritis.

Infections of the urinary bladder and pyelonephritis may lead to premature labor. If you have ever suffered from pyelonephritis or repeated infections of the urinary system, which must be determined before pregnancy.

Kidney stones can also complicate the course of pregnancy. This disease is accompanied by severe pain in the lower abdomen, so it is very difficult to diagnose during pregnancy. Moreover, the stones in the kidneys may become a reason of occurrence of infections of the urinary tract and pyelonephritis.

If you ever have a bladder infection alone, you should not worry much. But you should always inform your doctor about it. He will decide if you need to move closer observation before pregnancy.

Diseases of the thyroid gland

Diseases of the thyroid gland may appear too much or too much thyroid hormone. The excess hormone is called hyperthyroidism. In this case, the metabolism in the human body accelerates. This may be caused by Graves’ disease. Thyrotoxicosis is usually cured with the help of the operation of medicinal remedies, reducing content of thyroid hormones in the body. If not cure the disease, there is a high risk of preterm birth place and give birth to a baby with low birth weight.

You can carry our treatment during pregnancy too: there are prepared quite sure where pregnant women can take.

The lack of thyroid hormone – hypothyroidism – is usually caused by an autoimmune disease originals. In this case, the thyroid gland is damaged by the antibodies that are produced by the body. While hypothyroidism taking thyroid hormone is prescribed. Hypothyroidism uncured threatens to sterility or habitual wearer pregnancy.

If you have hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, must pass through observation before pregnancy, to determine doses of medicinal remedies, necessary for treatment. In the process of pregnancy your necessity in preparations may change, and then you will have to spend another observation.


Anemia means that there is a lack of hemoglobin in your body. There are several reasons, as part of this process for various types of anemia. Symptoms of anemia include weakness, dizziness, shortness of breath and pale skin.
During pregnancy the body’s need for iron and iron-containing substances increases. If at the beginning of pregnancy, you are suffering from a lack of iron in the blood, anemia increases this lack. So you need to take vitamins and preparations, containing full selection of microelements, necessary for the body.

A specific types of anemia – shekel cells that are genetically transmitted disease: it spreads mainly among the black population. If you suffer from a disease of the century cells, your body is deprived of oxygen. From this type of anemia can be very painful, and can also serve as a pretext for other diseases and complications during pregnancy. Shekel cell disease can not be cured and can be passed to your baby. Women who suffer from disease century cells have very high percent of miscarriages and infections of the urinary tract. They may also suffer from high blood pressure and hypertension painful blows.

Another type of anemia – thalassemia is also genetically transmitted. If some of your family suffers from thalassemia assume that you may have, check before pregnancy.


Lupus is an autoimmune disease of vascular origin. This means that your body produces antibodies that can destroy your organs or influence functions of these organs negatively. Lupus can affect different organs, including the joints, kidneys, lungs and heart.

This disease is difficult to diagnose. 700 A woman age 15-64, suffering from lupus. Among black women, are more often a case of 254. In general, lupus is more common in women than in men, genital particular age women, ie, 20 to 40 years.

Treatment of lupus is very individual and usually means taking if steroids. It is best not to become pregnant during the attack of this disease, as miscarriages are very often in women with lupus. The risk of giving birth to a dead baby also increases.

Babies born to mothers with lupus may have rashes. They may also have heart disease. Premature birth and prenatal developmental delay fetus are also quite possible.
If you suffer from lupus, consult your doctor before pregnancy definitely.

Epilepsy and seizures

Epilepsy – is a chronic disease characterized by different types of seizures (convulsions). Very often epilepsy is displayed by big and small seizures. The probability of giving birth to a baby with epileptic disease can be 30 for women with epilepsy. These babies are at risk borne illnesses likely related to drugs, which had a mother during pregnancy.

If you take medication for epilepsy, it is very important to consult your doctor before pregnancy. Discuss doses and types of drugs you are taking, as many preparations, relieving seizures in infants causes disease in infants. However, there are safe remedies for fetus, for example, phenobarbital.

Seizures can be dangerous for both mother and fetus. It is therefore particularly important to take medications exactly as prescribed by a doctor during pregnancy. In no case reduce the dose or stop taking medication on your own, without a doctor!


About 15-20% of all pregnant women suffer from migraine. Many women notice improvement of health during pregnancy. If you are taking pills against headache during pregnancy, consult your doctor how are safe for you and your future baby.

cancerous tumors

A matter of probability of cancer influence of pregnancy based on the fact that he stroke and increasing the body width. Breast cancer is most often form of cancer, met in women. If you have breast cancer, it will not influence pregnancy anyway, and pregnancy, in turn, will not cause breast cancer.

Many doctors recommend waiting 2-3 years with childbirth after breast cancer treatment. It is very important to talk about the history and the method of treatment with your doctor even before pregnancy. Situation can become very complicated if you are pregnant and pass treatment at the same time. Many drugs and cancer drugs are not safe for mother and baby.

other diseases

We examined only some chronic diseases. However, any disease can be dangerous to the fetus. So if you have a chronic illness or having to constantly take medication, talk to your doctor.
General rule is: it is best not to take drugs or change any medical treatment at the time of conception and early pregnancy. Placing all the organs and tissues of a baby takes place during the first trimester of pregnancy, and during this period, protect an unborn baby against harmful influences of medicines or observations. You will feel better and calmer, if you solve all these problems before pregnancy.

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