Cholesterol – the dreaded word that most Indians believe is a sign of heart-related problems. However, this is not entirely true. Cholesterol is a waxy fatty substance present in the cells of the body. It is found in certain types of foods and also occurs in the body. It is essential for the body to produce vitamin D, hormones and other factors necessary to digest food.
Like everything else, excess cholesterol is dangerous to the body and is the leading cause of many cardiovascular diseases. But what is really dangerous is that there are no visible signs of recognizing that someone has high blood cholesterol levels. As a slow poison, you could continue to damage your body until one day you realize, perhaps after serious damage has been caused to your system.
The liver produces 80% of the required cholesterol and the rest is available to the body through food. As food derived from animal products, such as cheese, meat, poultry, fish.
Lipoproteins carry cholesterol in the blood. There are four types of lipoproteins in the body:
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) or “good cholesterol”
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) or “bad cholesterol”
Very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), which are very bad forms of cholesterol
Chylomicrons have very little cholesterol, but many other harmful lipids called triglycerides
Who is safe?
People often try to believe that they can not have any disease. The same goes for cholesterol. Women believe they can not have high cholesterol; Only men can have the same. Some believe that it is only once they cross the fifties, then they have to worry about cholesterol. Some even think that being thin is your ticket to safety. Unfortunately, everyone has a problem. Anyone can have high cholesterol.
In fact, we should start checking after 20 years. With the advent of smart phones and computers, the younger generation has adopted a sedentary lifestyle where exercise has reduced the weight of thumbs on your phone’s screen. The choice of food also changed the simple but healthy food to the dishes bathed in butter and topped with extra cheese. Put them at an increased risk of high cholesterol.
If you are overweight or have high cholesterol or a family history if you have other diseases like diabetes, you should be very careful. Smokers or obese people should be screened regularly.
The culprit Food
A heart-healthy diet and plenty of exercise can help control excessive cholesterol. Avoid foods rich in high saturated fats. The product of animal origin like the veal; Pork, beef, eggs, milk and cheese are the same as always.
Coconut oil, palm oil and cocoa butter are also culprits. And, finally, your favorite treats, such as cookies and chips, are loaded with saturated fats. Avoid these things as much as possible.
What are the signs?
High cholesterol is a hidden disease. It never shows symptoms. Most people do not discover that when it comes to a more serious health problem such as
A heart attack – caused by the blockage of the heart’s arteries
Angina – pain due to narrowing of the arteries
Race – Caused by an obstruction in the arteries of the neck or brain
Walking pain – caused by an obstruction in an artery of the leg
What I can do?
Regular testing can help detect and treat high cholesterol.
Considering the lifestyle of India, doctors suggest that your first test should be carried out at age 20, to determine the base cholesterol and then it should be treated every 5 years. If you have a family history or other illness or lifestyle as mentioned above, you should try more often.
Adults with coronary heart disease should be tested at least once a year, and for those with diabetes and hypertension.
The lipid panel and lipid profile are the most common tests for controlling cholesterol levels, which can be performed by almost all diagnostic centers. But if you see your doctor during a physical exam, you can suggest other tests.
Following a healthy lifestyle and doing your preventive diagnostic test is regularly the key to enjoying a good healthy life and maintaining all the other health problems created with cholesterol.