A nutritional supplement is also known as a dietary supplement, which is defined as a dietary supplement that is made with the intention of providing nutrients for people who for some reason found to have a deficiency of dietary supplements such as vitamins, minerals acids, fiber, fatty acids, amino acids, country, etc. Many nutritional supplements defined as foods, while others are defined as drugs.
II. The types of nutritional supplements and how to help treat autism
a) Vitamin A
Vitamin A helps prevent the formation of free radicals and enhance immune function. It is an important vitamin, because most children with autism have weaker immune systems, it is said that vitamin A helps maintain immunological memory and improve eye contact and behavior of children with autism when taken together with the vitamin D.
b) Vitamin B complex
Vitamin B complex is a family of the vitamin, such as thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (vitamin B6), folic acid (B9), cyanocobalamin (B12) and choline. They work together to improve the function of others, therefore, a deficiency of vitamin B can reduce the effectiveness of others. B vitamins help to improve the function of the nervous system and glands in creating enzymes needed by the brain.
i) Vitamin B1
Besides helping the smooth functioning of the heart also helps improve the functioning of cells in the brain and central nervous system “in the transmission of information. A study shows that vitamin B1 helps improve test results for children with autism. It is found in green leafy vegetables like spinach and peas.
ii) Vitamin B2
On the other hand it is important to help build healthy DNA, but also helps improve mental function and stress management by increasing the production of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase is a rare genetic defect in some children with autism.
iii) Vitamin B3
It is also important for energy metabolism in production, but also contributes to increased cerebral blood flow, reducing the risk of nervous symptoms, such as emotional problems, irritability, memory loss, etc.
iv) Vitamin B6
It is said that vitamin B6 reduces behavioral problems, improved eye contact and attention and learning ability of children with autism, when working with magnesium.
v) of folic acid
Folic acid also called vitamin B9, is essential in maintaining the production of healthy brain cells and DNA replication. Most children with autism found that folic acid deficiency, which causes neurological problems, including slowed thinking, depression, memory loss and digestive problems.
vi) Vitamin B 12
Besides helping to improve the absorption of nutrients in the body, but also improves the functioning of the nervous system and brain function as they should, which reduces the risk of nervous system symptoms, including regression of development problems memory, slowed thinking, anxiety and depression.
c) Vitamin C
Also known for its antioxidant properties to fight free radical formation and bacteria and viruses, it is also crucial for brain function. Some studies show that vitamin C helps your body eliminate toxins and heavy metals accumulated in the brain. In some studies, vitamin C increased IQ in normal children and Down and reduces confusion and depression in children with autism.
d) Vitamin E
One study shows that vitamin E helps children with autism improve verbal discourse, if taken in combination with omega-3 fatty acids.
Magnesium is essential for the functioning of brain and muscle cells. One study shows that magnesium has a significant positive effect on the behavior of children with autism, if taken in combination with vitamin B6. Magnesium is found in abundance in green vegetables, seeds, nuts and whole grains.
b) zinc picolinate
Zinc is important not only to reduce the high levels of other minerals like copper, but also improves the function of the nervous system and gastrointestinal tract, thereby reducing the risk of stress and increased digestive system to absorb vitamins and essential minerals.
This is also a very important mineral for strong bones, but also plays an important role in neurological function in the transmission of messages. Calcium deficiency causes nervous tension, resulting in nasty temper tantrums provisions, contractions and muscle spasms, restlessness and insomnia.
Selenium is also one of the essential enzymes, preventing the formation of free radicals in brain cells, it is also vital for the production of glutathione, which helps to remove toxic metals and other chemicals produced by the harmful Man for our body.
e) The sulfates
Most children with autism have little or no ability to convert sulfate compounds, leading to the body’s inability to protect against environmental chemicals and certain chemicals produced in the body, leading to tension nerve, resulting from accumulated toxins in the environment of the body.
Iodine is essential for regulating the normal function of the thyroid gland and prevent mental retardation. Most children with autism were deficient in iodine, which leads to behavioral problems.
f) of potassium
Some children with autism may have low muscle tone, resulting from a deficiency of low levels of potassium in the body or the body’s inability to absorb potassium due to low magnesium levels.
C. Other supplements
a) The taurine
Taurine is an amino acid not only helps to calm the brain and inhibits the excitation of nerve cells, but also helps to block excito toxic effects of glutamate and aspartate, resulting in decreasing the risk of a very hyperactive regression and.
b) The glutamine
It is a precursor of the antioxidant glutathoine. Besides helping to prevent excessive oxidation of cells, reducing the risk of transmission of the abnormal brain cells due to poor cell membranes, but also improves the digestive enzyme and probiotics in the gastrointestinal tract, thus restoring the integrity of the digestive system.
c) The glutathione
Glutathione is found in the liver, which helps the liver detoxify many harmful compounds through the secretion of bile. In addition to helping protect our body against oxygen and increased oxidation of cellular function neorological, gastrointestinal tract also restores.
Is said to improve neurological function Carosino, including behavior, language, eye contact and language. Studies show that the contribution of Carosino helps improve the control of emotions in the brain, seizure activity, cognitive, language, speech, abstract thinking for some children with autism.
e) The melatonin
Melatonin is a type of hormone that is produced in our brains to make us sleep and is usually used as a sleeping drug for children. Like most autistic children with behavior problems, including sleep disorders, melatonin improves the combination of better sleep, better control of biological rhythms and high anti-oxidants. No matter how good it is, remains a kind of hormone, please consult your physician before implementing child.
DMSA is an oral chelating agent that helps remove mercury and other metals from the body, including toxic heavy metals in the brain, resulting in improved social reciprocity for children with autism.
g) The coenzyme Q 10
Coenzyme Q 10 is important for maintaining a healthy immune system, but also helps to improve neurological function by getting more oxygen to the brain and central nervous system, causing an increase in energy as a result of the energy cycle of ATP and improve mental acuity.
h) essential fatty acids
Essential fatty acids omega 3 and omega 6, as well as help maintain the normal function of brain cells, and reducing blood cholesterol. is also an important role in strengthening the capacity of attention and improve concentration in children with autism. Essential fatty acids Omega 3 and 6 are found in oily cold water fish, flax seeds, olive oil and nuts and seeds.