Hypertension is the medical term used to describe blood pressure. Blood pressure is a measure of the force against the walls of the arteries as the cycles of the heart pumps blood through the body. Blood pressure readings are given by two numbers. The first number is called systolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the pressure that the amount of blood against the vessels as the heart beats. Diastolic blood pressure measures the pressure in blood vessels between heartbeats, or when the heart relaxes. A person with systolic hypertension with a reading above 140 and a diastolic reading greater than 90.
Hypertension can be classified as primary or secondary. Most cases of hypertension, 90-95% of primary cases, which means that there is no apparent cause medical hypertension. Secondary hypertension is caused by other conditions affecting the heart, blood, kidneys and endocrine system.
Essential or primary hypertension is the most common type of hypertension. Although there is no direct cause of hypertension, there are lifestyle factors that increase the risk of developing hypertension, such as smoking, stress, visceral obesity, potassium deficiency, obesity, salt sensitivity, the alcohol consumption, and vitamin D. Risks also increase with age and family history.
Secondary hypertension is important to recognize, as it is managed by treating the underlying cause of high blood pressure. It is often caused by kidney disease, obesity, preeclampsia, and certain medications.
It is very important to treat hypertension before the increase. If left untreated, can lead to stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, arterial aneurysm, and is the leading cause of chronic renal failure. The treatment of hypertension depends on the type and severity. The easiest and most common way to treat high blood pressure is through lifestyle changes. Changes in diet, exercise and weight loss have been shown to reduce blood pressure in the arteries in people with hypertension. A low-sodium diets rich in nutrients like nuts, whole grains, fish, poultry, fruits and vegetables has been shown that blood pressure. Eliminating certain foods like red meat, sweets and sugar are also beneficial.
In addition to changes in lifestyle, there are several types of medications that reduce blood pressure. These drugs, called anti-hypertensive drugs and lower blood pressure. Doctors often prescribe several types of medications to control blood pressure, including ACE inhibitors, alpha-blockers, receptor antagonists, angiotensin II, beta blockers, calcium channel blockers, diuretics, renin inhibitors and glyceryl trinitrates Direct .
Neville Street is the executive director of Rodriguez MD, a bilingual medical practice in Lawrenceville, GA that provides health care for infants, children, adolescents and adults. Lawrenceville doctors Deborah and Veronica Rodriguez are sisters with a combined experience of 27 years. The doctors are certified in family medicine and internal medicine and two doctors have extensive experience in private practice in Gwinnett.