Arthritis is a disease characterized by abnormal joint inflammation affecting the human body or joint. The fingers, elbows, hips and knees are the main objectives of arthritis. Arthritis comes in many forms. Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, is caused mainly by aging, but can also develop in response to certain injuries, infections or deformities of the knee. Other less common forms of arthritis, but also debilitating are: gouty arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Treatment options for arthritis in the knee
Several treatment modalities available to treat arthritis and its symptoms. This can range from physical therapy, pharmacological remedies (medications), to arthritis, specific surgical procedures.
The latter, more commonly known collectively as arthritis knee surgery, has a variety of more specialized types – for example, knee osteotomy, arthroscopy and knee replacement surgery. The specific form of arthritis knee surgery depend upon a number of factors such as the extent and severity of the disease.
What is surgery for knee arthritis?
Depending on the condition of arthritis, the most recommended treatment is surgery often knee arthritis.
Arthritis usually develops in stages, gradually destroying cartilage tissue present in the joints of the fabrics. At its inception, the anti-inflammatory treatment and physical therapy are the main treatment modalities. However, as the disease progresses, surgery of knee arthritis becomes an urgent and crucial.
Arthroscopy: Less invasive
Arthroscopy is a less invasive surgical option in the treatment of arthritis. This procedure involves repairing the tissue injury ligaments and cartilage in the knee joints and others. During arthroscopy, a small instrument like an endoscope is inserted into the affected joint through a small incision.
Although the efficacy of this procedure remains a matter of debate, many proponents of the evidence of the benefits of arthroscopy when applied in appropriate situations.
Signs that the patient needs knee arthroscopy are popping knee pain, instability of the knee joint or wobbling knees, a tingling sensation when using the knee joint and inflammation or swelling of part of the affected body (s).
Knee Osteotomy best option in young patients
In the case of younger patients, people with arthritis have often damage a part of the knee joint. Therefore, it is advised not to undergo total knee replacement.
Sometimes arthritis occurs cases also through knock-arched feet or legs, characterized by a change in common, such as the joint center of weight is transferred from the damaged area to a safe area. In such cases, an osteotomy of the knee is often the best way to proceed.
Partial knee replacement: The hybrid
Considered a “hybrid” of the two osteotomy and total knee replacement partial knee surgery is much less invasive than the second. This procedure is performed by replacing the damaged portion of the involved joint with an artificial, whereas the healthy parts are left intact to cure. Partial knee replacement is recommended for severe arthritis limited to certain parts of the joint. Compared to complete knee replacement surgery, this procedure requires smaller incisions and allows for a faster recovery time.
Complete knee replacement: a practical option
In many cases of arthritis, the most practical option is surgery complete knee replacement. This procedure involves complete removal and replacement of damaged tissue with artificial joint implants of metal or plastic.
Risks: Arthritis Knee Surgery
As with most forms of major surgery, knee surgery patients with rheumatoid are susceptible to thrombosis, infection, nerve injury, and some risk of anesthesia.
In addition, surgery knee arthritis involves a series of post-operative risks, including the instability of the affected joint, a fracture or dislocation of the patella, and reduced mobility or reduced range of motion.
Arthritis Knee Surgery: Advantages and Disadvantages
Despite the risks associated with the procedure, surgery of knee arthritis comes with many advantages that can benefit the patient imposed. The main advantages are, of course, the fight against considerable pain, increased mobility, and a substantial improvement in their quality of life. More importantly, within 6 months after surgery, all previously assigned has the potential to restore full functionality.
By contrast, surgery for knee arthritis also comes with some significant disadvantages. For example, after surgery patients may experience discomfort and pain in the post-intervention period. Furthermore, the use of prosthetic joint can be noisy and draw attention to their presence. In some cases, difficulties may arise in motion. And, depending on the type of prosthesis used, the knee may have limited utility, since only 10 to 15 years before a new knee becomes necessary once again.
Ultimately, however, if we weigh the pain and discomfort that can be observed in some cases against the immense potential for successful postoperative results, it is easy to conclude that the benefits of surgery for knee arthritis undoubtedly , outweigh its disadvantages.